During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it is essentially important to maintain necessary precautions in the place of work, due to the importance of reduction in the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, to ensure the safety of employees.
The obligations of employers regarding ensuring protection against COVID-19 are regulated by the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of May 2nd, 2020, on establishing specific restrictions, orders, and bans in connection with the occurrence of the state of the epidemic. According to the provisions of the Act, employers and entrepreneurs employing employees are required to prepare an occupational health risk assessment. They should also apply the necessary preventive measures to reduce the threat.
Obligations regarding ensuring the safety and health of working person lie (under Article 207 §2 and Article 304 of the Labor Code) on:
Regardless of the basis of employment, the employer must provide employees with continuous access to:
The distance between workplaces should be at least 1.5 m (distance in a straight line between the desks of employees). The organization of jobs following this condition rests with the employer.
Workstations at the computer
A minimum of 1.5 m in a straight line between the desks
A minimum distance of 1.5 m between the closest workers
Workstations for machinery
If for structural reasons, it is not possible to maintain a distance of 1.5 m between the two closest persons operating the equipment, employees must be provided with appropriate collective or individual protection measures.
Workplaces should be prepared for safe work taking into account factors that increase the likelihood of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Factors include social contacts (between employees, as well as employees with people outside the workplace), joint use of tools and work equipment, and shared use of sanitary rooms, communication routes, and social rooms.
Preventive measures recommended by the National Labor Inspectorate:
Employees should be able to provide individual, personal or telephone consultations of an occupational medicine physician with preventive care over employees, especially regarding the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the burden arising from the simultaneous occurrence of chronic diseases.
Performing official duties outside the workplace, people on foot should move in a group not exceeding 2 people and at a distance of not less than 2 m from each other.